Import to USA
Import is transactions of goods from seller “exporter" to the purchaser “importer” in international trade. Import process is closely regulated anywhere in the world. Any goods entering a country are subject or exempt of import duties. All the goods entering the country must be declared before customs for clearance. Import to USA is closely monitored process and has to be done by licensed and registered NVOCC / Ocean freight forwarder and custom broker.
24 hour Rule
All cargo imported in the USA must be declared before US customs 24 hours prior to vessel sail from the ports of loading around the world. The filing with the US customs Automated Manifest System (AMS) must be done either from the VOCC (vessel operating common carrier) or licensed NVOCC Company transporting the cargo.
Import Entry Process of Goods in USA
When import cargo reaches the United States the importer (consignee, custom broker, owner of the goods) must file entry documents for the imported goods at the port of entry. The cargo must be properly classify and declared before US customs. It is completely importers responsibility to arrange goods examination and release of the goods, any misrepresentation and omissions can bring to penalties and confiscation. The custom broker can guide you through all the procedures for proper filing and release of the imported freight. Additional import permits may be required for importing foods, alcohol, tobacco or other regulated merchandise. 15 days prior to the cargo arrival at US port of entry the documents must be filed with US customs.
Required Import Documents
- Commercial invoice
- Packing lists
- Import Entry Manifest (CBP Form 7533) or Special Permit Application
- Import Evidence of right to make entry
- Other import documents if required
The importer must declare datable value of the merchandise. The final inspection and appraisements are made by the US customs. The importer must determine the proper classification of the goods Harmonized Tariff - Schedule B of the United States (HTSUS).
Bonded Import Entry to Warehouse
If the importer decides to postpone customs release of the cargo, it may be placed in bonded warehouse. The goods may remain there up to five years, during that period the goods may be re-exported to another country or under CBP supervision the imported goods may be repack, clean and or manipulated while being in the bonded warehouse. The Bond for the cargo is provided from a bonded custom broker. Import surety bond is guarantee that the import duties, taxes and fees of the goods will be collected. It is like an insurance policy that is collectable from US Customs in the event the importer doesn’t abide by import requirements.
Formal and Informal Import Entry
No import formal entry is required on duty free goods under $2000 in value. This is also known as informal import entry. Informal entry covers import mail shipments, LCL import ocean shipments, air import shipments, commercial shipments, personal import shipments for consumption or resale. The duties are collected by the import shipping carrier who delivers the goods. However import customs declaration, together with commercial invoice must support the import shipment delivery. If the shipment import value exceeds $2000 the importer will be required to prepare formal import entry. Formal import entries are generally for commercial import shipment. The main difference between the formal and informal import entry is the bond.
Inspection and Examination of the Imported Cargo
US Customs will examine:
- The value of the goods, weather correctly invoiced for customs purposes and their dutiable status.
- US Customs examine if goods require special marking or labeling and properly marked in their country of origin.
- Whether the shipment contains prohibited articles and other requirements of federal agencies have been met.
- Whether the invoiced quantities are correct.
- Whether the shipment contains illegal substances.
Import Customs Clearance and Liquidation
When all the import customs procedures are completed, import information is acquired and duties and taxes collected goods are cleared, import entry is liquidated and import cargo released. Any customs duty overpayment will be returned.
We Import from various countries and commodities:
- Import shipments to USA from Russia
- Import shipments to USA from China
- Import shipments to USA from Europe
- Import shipments to USA from Middle East
- Import shipments to USA from Australia
- Import shipments to USA from Germany
- Import shipments to USA from France
- Import shipments to USA from Ukraine
- Import shipments to USA from Belgium
- Import shipments to USA from Kazakhstan
- Import shipments to USA from Uzbekistan
- Import shipments to USA from Nigeria
- Import shipments to USA from Israel
- Import shipments to USA from Bulgaria
- Import shipments to USA from Great Britain
- Import shipments to USA from India
- Import shipments to USA from Latvia
- Import shipments to USA from Lithuania
- Import shipments to USA from Brazil
- Import shipments to USA from Argentina
- Import shipments to USA from Saudi Arabia